Pallets: What You Ought to Know?
Pallets, though they are not glamorous, they play a major role in moving many types of goods from warehouses to other retail industries. Without pallets, supply chain could not function and they serve as a bridge that connects retailers, distributors, manufacturers, growers, and transportation and logistics service providers across numerous industries.
Today, most pallets are made of wood but there are pallets that are made of plastic, metal, paper or other recyclable materials.
Standard Pallet Size
Depending on the usage, the standard size of wooden pallets varies from country to country. The most general standard sizes are 36 x 36 inches (91.44 x 91.44 centimeters), 42 x 42 inches (106.68 x 106.68 centimeters) and 48 x 48 inches (121.92 x 121.92 centimeters ). In US, the most standard size is 40×48 inches.
Different Types of Pallets
The most standard wooden pallet styles are,
- Stringer Pallets
- Block Pallets
This type of pallets uses three parallel pieces of timber to create a pallet structure. A pallet jack may lift these pallets only in two directions instead of four and for this reason they are otherwise called as “two-way” pallets.
For efficient handling of materials block pallets are made up of both parallel and perpendicular stringers hence they are stronger than stringer pallets. It’s also called as ‘four-way’ pallets since it can be moved from any side by a pallet-jack.
Also, based on deck styles these wooden pallets are categorized into flush, double wing and single wing. Based on the entry types they are divided into two-way or four-way.
Wooden pallets are considered to be cheaper compared to plastic pallets. The construction specification of wooden pallets deepens on General, FDA, storage, chemical, export; the expected load weight; type of wood desired: recycled, hard, soft, kiln Dried or combo and even the type of fasteners to hold the pallets together. Plastic pallets or crates cannot be easily repaired and are used in logistics industry.